Overview of Upper and Lower Limbs

 This module aims to give you a solid grounding in the gross anatomical structure and function of the upper and lower limbs. The module also aims to develop your teaching skills in a number of different environments.

A fundamental understanding of anatomical terminology should be mastered at the outset of this module, as it provides the foundation of the discipline. This module also allows you to develop an understanding of functional anatomy, correlating the structure of the bones, joints, and muscles with their function. The systems covered are those relevant to the limbs: musculoskeletal, nervous and vascular.

The aims of this module are to:

  • deepen understanding of topographical, systematic, and developmental anatomy of the limbs
  • understand relevant clinical, functional and radiological anatomy of the limbs
  • develop skills in dissection and preparation of prosections
  • improve and consolidate skills in teaching, learning and communication with students
  • become competent in preparing teaching and learning materials and assessment processes
  • develop key study skills

The list of topics covered includes:

Upper Limb:

  • Anatomical terminology
  • General organisation of the upper limb
  • Bones and joints of upper limb
  • Pectoral region, axilla, arm
  • Forearm and hand

Lower Limb:

  • General organisation of the lower limb
  • Bones and joints of lower limb
  • Thigh and gluteal region
  • Knee joint and popliteal fossa
  • Leg and foot

In addition, upon completion of this module you should be able to:

  1. Deliver and evaluate informative and engaging learning sessions and presentations on anatomy;
  2. Apply teaching skills to construct course materials and learning aids;
  3. Design learning strategies including defining learning outcomes, core vs. non-core elements, etc.;
  4. Develop and appraise formative and summative assessment strategies.


The module will be assessed as follows:

Distance learning component

The module will be assessed by coursework at the trainee’s institution and by the reflective portfolio, submitted monthly to the ATP assessor. Coursework will include teaching and assessment assignments (e.g. devising examinations and criteria for marking essays), dissection assignments, and written reports from the trainee’s mentor indicating satisfactory completion of the distance learning element of the module. Satisfactory completion is also required of the reflective learning portfolio in order to attend the residential school. An electronic copy of the portfolio, including dissection photographs, is brought to the residential summer school for evaluation.

Residential summer school

The residential school will include continuous assessment through contribution to the workshops and formative knowledge testing, an assessed teaching session to evaluate the learnt teaching skills, and practical ‘spot’ tests with written and oral examination of knowledge and understanding of limb functional anatomy.

Outcome of module

The module will be graded as fail, pass or distinction, leading to a Module Certificate (single module) or Programme Certificate (if all four modules are completed). The grade of the Programme Certificate will be calculated in proportion to the module weighting [see General Handbook].

 File: Overview of  Upper and Lower Limbs – ATP TW - Amended 22.06.15